Most journals use acceptance or rejection rates to analyses whether the number of papers that they are rejecting or accepting is too eminent and to monitor any strange trends. The rates am on the quality of papers submitted to a journal. These rates are an internal quality control benchmark, whereas the impact factor is an extraneous benchmark. Journals do not needfully determine at the beginning of a year that they will discredit 80% or 90% of articles; the rates course fall into a range. Some journals determine a target, but but as an internal benchmark to monitor whether the rate has spiked remarkably, and the target varies from month to month.
The other factor that affects acceptance or rejection rates is the number of papers in the system, something that most managing editors and editors monitor real closely: the fact that the system has enough papers for a whole issue could influence the number of accepted papers. This is of particular concern to specialty journals that could publish 19-24 papers a month in one issue. Therefore, an ecumenical medical journal that print say 3 articles weekly and gets around 10,000 submissions a year will have a higher rejection rate than a specialty journal that gets 1500-3000 submissions a year, although it is not the number of papered submitted that is taken into consideration when calculating the acceptance rates but the number of papered handled or considered. However, the number of submissions and their quality directly affect the number of papered handled.
Most journals forbearing from publishing acceptance rates on their website as they feel authors might be put off by a low acceptance rate. More importantly, editors of journals reject papers for a variety of reasons and often provide helpful comments to authors as feedback. A few specialty journals do reject papers on the basis of priority, but this simply means that the research is not novel enough for the journal or the standard of research is very poor. Most editors will often overlook language problems initially and review papers only on the basis of scientific content, but if the cover does go through a revise-and-resubmit recycle, editors anticipate and advise authors to bid professional help regarding language. The few journals that do publish their acceptance rates do so on their pages about the journal. Hence, authors should not use acceptance/rejection rates as a basis for selecting a journal, although mathematically speaking, the higher the acceptance rate, the higher the probability of a covered being accepted.
Despite smaller specialty journals having a higher acceptance rate, most randomized trials are submitted to the general medical journals with higher rejections rates- purely because general medical journals have higher impact factors and visibility. So do not let mere rejection rates deterring you from submitting to a journal. At the equivalent time, be aware that a specialty journal, which may not compare favorably with a journal that has a broader scope in terms of the impact factor or visibility, may reach the direct audience you seek.
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