Why translation and localization?
Translation is as alkalic an anthropoid activity as creating originals. It’s a biological trait of mind to evince anything detected fresh in the language one follows biologically. This has animated the human beings to interpret almost ever since the beginning of human civilization. Before the advent of contemporary technology, interpreted word was the only way to cognize that, in fact, there exists much a large and different world beyond what we could see
The world is as much obligated to the amateur translators as to the enthusiastic scientists and inventors, new thinkers, prophets and cultural reformers. But for the translators’’ efforts, the inventions, the thoughts, literature and mythology, and the revolutionary ideas that changed the world could not have traveled so far and ample
In contrast to translation of literature and mythology, translation in technical domain has its own typical challenges and methodologies. It has evolved a specialised process of transmigrating to other languages that we name localization. Localization is a beamy sphere of activities of which translation is a better component. Technical adaptation with callable respect to social sensitivities are the alkalic tenets of localization. This calls for a cold blend of commercial and linguistics skills.
Web and telecommunications are new and evolving domains. They are spreading at a speed that no other domains have achieved so far. Their user base is maturing by leaps and bounds. Unlike other technologies, the web and telecommunications did not have time to matured first in the autochthonal land and language and then transmigrate to other lands and languages. Their commercial maturity and widening of base have been synchronal. This is the challenge for the translators: to be true to to the domain and yet be welcome to the average user
Almost every other day some fresh features are appended to heighten airborne experience. Engineers and enthusiasts are working pear-shaped the clock. Mobile manufacturers are in a reduce throat competition to score over one another. The convergence of antithetic technologies and domains has filmed over the split among them. So the translators now have to interpret keeping this convergence in mind. This calls for a traverse domain consistency
With the evolution of localization as a specialized offshoot of translation, highly technical domains such web and telecommunications have developed industry specific standard terminology. This is an enthusiastic assist as well as a challenge for the translators. It’s a challenge because at times you have to accept a terminology which you do not happen welcome from the language point of view. This underlines an of import rule of translation: consistency
Translation always requires an about anthropoid involvement to come out in a welcome shape. Machines would always have a restricted and backing up role in translation because they can only execute in a specified way. They cannot think. And here in comes of import 1.
Think before you start. And think what? What is the domain? What is the text? What is the context? Who are the audience? To think clearly towards coming out with an acceptable piece of translation, you necessitate to scan. This is of import 2
Read the text in total, not in isolation from the whole. This is a thumb rule. This would give you a finger of the content in its totality. At times, you get the existent message conveyed only at the end. Also scan some being domain translation to cognize what not to do. We should larn from others’’ mistakes. It would be better if you just read the translation, not the source. This is very crucial. A scanning would give you a feel whether this is an avant-garde text or a translation. General reading is immensely accommodating. The more you read and know the better for you
Post translation scanning is equally crucial. Again scan it in total, finger the flow and consistency of tone, style and narration. If you feel that it sounds like a translation and not an avant-garde, then the translation has neglected the purpose and you have larned an important lesson: a translation has to sound like an avant-garde. This is of import 3
Be close to avant-garde
The success of a translation is mensurated on how the audience accepts it in the target language. It must sound as if it is composed in the target language itself. It must be as close to the avant-garde as accomplishable in size, flow, and narration. An big translation with an entirely antithetic narration is not a true to translation. This underlines the necessitate to be uncomplicated and dead, which is of import 4
Be simple and precise
There is always a need and scope in translation to be simple and precise. The very purpose of translation is (U) the better of if the message is not conveyed to the reader in the target language. You would never retrieve or fall back upon an analyzable document for guidance. We be given to use dense terms while interpreting. We have to defy this and opt for the simpler terms wherever accomplishable.
Golden Rules of Translation
Follow the source: A major challenge in translation is to reflect the tone, style, and structure of the source. This is simply addressed by esteeming the source. It’s always secure and all-knowing to postdate the source
Follow the rules: You are always accurate if you postdate the rules of language and grammar. A grammatically correct sentence is rarely an improper translation. Being grammatically and linguistically correct is like talking the truth. You don’t necessitate to retrieve what you stated the last time. This curtails half of the efforts at the review level. This insure consistency of language and style
Maintain Consistency: Consistency is the basic requirement of localization tasks. To a sure extent, it is more crucial than acceptable quality. So much so that it can be bankable if a translation is improper but accordant but it is never bankable if a translation is accurate but discrepant. And consistency is not curtailed just to language, but it is also necessitated in style, terminology, and narration. Beyond that, it extends to traverse domain consistency. Ever maturing convergence of technologies requires consistency in localization. Similar functionalities and concepts in telecom and software should be interpreted consistently.
Linguistically, consistency makes things easier for translators and reviewers. This saves efforts while making changes after the review. It helps in salvaging costs as we do not necessitate to pay for anything that is already interpreted. It helps in evolving logics and base doe machine translations
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