Question by armstrong_terri: Why is it significant that transcription and translation move place exaclty every time?
Also what might be the effect genotypically and phenotypically if “mutations” occur? What is transcription and translation?
Answer by Deeps
TRANSCRIPTION is the process of synthesis of m-RNA from a single strand of parental DNA.TRANSLATION is the process of synthesis of polypeptides(proteins) from amino-acids with the help of m-RNA,t-RNA , ribosomes etc.Mutations are the IRREVERSIBLE,HERITABLE changes occouring in the genome(DNA)of a person.so,GENOTYPICALLY,the DNA changes.While PHENOTYPICALLY,the appearance of the person might or might not change depending on where on the DNA the mutation occours.
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